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Pinot Grigio speaks to explain Pinot Grigio, what is Pinot Grigio wine and how is Pinot Grigio made.
This wine and the French equivalent Pinot Gris is wine produced using the pinot gris grape.
The grape is thought to be mutant clone of the pinot noir grape which normally has a grayish-blue fruit, accounting for its name ("gris" meaning "grey" in French) but the grape can have a brownish pink to black and even white appearance.
The word "Pinot", which means "pinecone" in French, could have been given to it because the grapes grow in small pinecone-shaped clusters. The wines produced from this grape also vary in colour from a deep golden yellow to copper and even a light shade of pink.
About 2005 the wine was enjoying increased popularity especially with the advent of the new world varietal blended wines. A major grape in Alsace, grown on 13.9% of the region's vineyard surface in 2006, the Pinot gris wine produced here are markedly different from Pinot gris found elsewhere.
The cool climate of Alsace and warm volcanic soils are particularly well suited for Pinot gris, with its dry autumns allowing plenty of time for the grapes to hang on the vines, often resulting in wines of very powerful flavours.
Along with Riesling, Gewürztraminer, and Muscat, Pinot gris is one of the so-called noble grapes of Alsace, which may be used for varietal Alsace Grand Cru AOC and the late harvest wines Vendange Tardive and Sélection de Grains Nobles.
The grape grows best in cool climates, and matures relatively early with high sugar levels. This can lead to either a sweeter wine, or, if fermented to dryness, a wine high in alcohol.
Pinot gris is considered an "early to market wine" that can be bottled and out on the market within 4–12 weeks after fermentation.
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